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March 8, 2014
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1 Introduction
Xiang River



The Xiang River (also as Xiangjiang River, Chinese language|Chinese:湘江 or "湘水", pinyin: Xiāng Jiāng, Xiāng Shǔi; Wade-Giles: "hsiāng chiāng" or "hsiāng shuǐ"), in older transliterations as the Siang River or Hsiang River, is a river in southern China. The river gave Hunan its Chinese abbreviation, Xiang.

Originating from Haiyang Mountain (海陽山) in Lingui county|Lingui of Guangxi, the Xiang is the largest river in Hunan and one of the largest tributary|tributaries of Yangtze River. It is 856-km long and 670-km of it is in Hunan. People say the Xiang and the Lijiang River share the same origination because of connecting the two rivers of the Lingqu Canal that it is located in Xing'an county, and 70 per centage of water in Lingqu flows in the Xiang and 30 percent flows in the Lijiang.

The river passes places such as Xing'an county|Xing'an, Quanzhou (Guangxi)|Quanzhou, and Dongan county|Dongan, Yongzhou, Qiyang county|Qiyang, Hengyang, Zhuzhou, Xiangtan, Changsha, Wangcheng county|Wangcheng, Xiangyin county|Xiangyin, and empties into Lake Dongting, where it connects to the Yangtze. The Xiang has 2,157 branches and covers 9,460,000 square kilometre|km?, and 8,530,000 km? are in Hunan (40% of the province).

  • The Xiao River (瀟水) flows into the Xiang near Changsha

  • The Zheng River (蒸水) converges with the Xiang in Chengbei District (城北區), Hengyang

The river is said to be protected by two goddesses, the Xiang Consorts (湘妃 Xiangfei): Ehuang (娥皇) and N?ying (女英).

They were the wives of the mystical ruler, Shun (ruler)|Shun. Unable to bear the pain of their husband's death, they committed suicide in this river. The spots on the dotted Xiang River bamboos (湘江竹 or 湘竹), also known as Xiang Consorts Bamboo (湘妃竹), are said to be the teardrops of the consorts. These bamboos are also known as Marked Bamboos (斑竹) or Tear Bamboos (淚竹).

The Chu (state)|Chu people of the Warring States Period worshipped these Xiang Water Goddesses (湘水神). The poet Qu Yuan wrote a poem called Ladies Xiang (湘夫人) documented the songs of the rituals.

  • Hengyang

  • Zhuzhou

  • Xiangtan

  • Changsha

See also:
  • Geography of China

  • Dongting Lake

  • List of rivers of Asia

  • * Chang Jiang|Yangtze River

  • **Lishui River

  • **Yuan River

  • **Zi River

Category:Chinese rivers

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Xiang River".

Last Modified:   2005-03-13

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